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Changing the Way We “Think” About Managing Waste

BioHiTech Renewables

Providing a proven, cost-effective, clean alternative to landfills for the disposal of solid waste throughout the United States. The High Efficiency Biological Treatment (HEBioT™) process, developed and patented by our European partners EntsorgaFin SpA, utilizes a combination of automated sorting equipment, enhanced biological composting, and mechanical refinement to convert waste into an EPA recognized, clean alternative fuel while achieving as much as 80% landfill diversion.

The HEBioT technology is ideal for municipalities, regional waste haulers, large generators of food waste and corporations with Zero Waste initiatives. BioHiTech is an equity partner in Entsorga West Virginia, which will serve as the first resource recovery facility in the U.S., to utilize the HEBioT technology, which will begin commissioning in early 2018.

Benefits

Offering a clean, cost-effective alternative for the disposal of municipal solid waste.

Extending the life of existing landfills.

Producing an alternative renewable fuel.

Reducing fossil fuel dependency.

Reducing carbon emissions.

Increasing recycling.

Technology

Team

Dennis Soriano | Director of Business Development

Dennis has 43 years of experience in the Waste, Recycling and Concrete industries. Dennis has held executive level management positions at Waste Management Inc. at both the regional and corporate levels. Additionally, he served as COO of Greenstar North America and most recently CEO of Waste to Water LLC. Dennis has extensive experience in operations, business development and management of municipal contracts. Mr. Soriano’s career in the Waste and Recycling Industries has focused on working with public, private and municipal entities on projects aimed at the long-term preservation of our environment.

As Director of Business Development for E.N.A. Renewables, Dennis will cooperatively work with the management team to advance their efforts to provide alternatives for the disposal of waste into landfills. Entsorga’ s long-term goal is the development of a network of MBT processing facilities that will provide an acceptable alternative to landfill disposal, while producing an SRF fuel substitute for coal. Mr. Soriano will draw on his years of experience to help the Entsorga team formulate and implement a successful marketing plan to achieve their goal of providing long-term sustainable solutions.

Dennis and his wife live in Dutchess County, New York and have three grown children and 5 grandchildren.

Emily F. Dyson | Director of Science, Research, and Development

Emily has more than 25 years in the environmental science and permitting field. Emily comes to BioHiTech Global from the environmental consulting world where she was the CEO of Dyson Environmental Management and Compliance. Ms. Dyson has worked throughout North America with clients and regulators on issues related to solid waste disposal, wastewater, air emissions, and overall industrial environmental program development.

Emily’s role as the Director of Science, Research and Development is to bring advanced techniques and understanding of the science of bio-technologies. Emily works with BioHiTech Global’s Operations personnel to identify new approaches and technologies for solid waste disposal and assist BioHiTech Global in bringing them to the market in the bio-technology/waste management arena. In addition, Emily works with BioHiTech’s sales force and clients to ensure that they have an understanding of the science they deploy, the impacts to the surrounding environment, and the regulatory compliance requirements that must be met.

Emily lives in Maryland with her husband and two college-age children.

Entsorga Italia

Entsorga Italia is a leading provider of integrated proprietary technology platforms in the fields of waste management, recycling and for the production of alternative fuels. For the past 20 years, we have successfully delivered over 80 bankable project solutions representing approximately two million tons of annual processing capacity.

Entsorga currently operates through its subsidiaries in Europe, North and South America and Africa.

For more information please visit entsorga.it

Current Projects

entsorga west virginia team photo
Pictured from left to right: Dr.Pietro Cella Mazzariol, Entsorga Italia, Frank E. Celli, BioHiTech Global, John Decker, Apple Valley Waste, Gianfrancesco Galanzino, Entsorga Italia, Paolo Carollo, Entsorga Italia

Entsorga West Virginia

Entsorga West Virginia will serves as the first resource recovery facility in the United States to utilize Entsorga Italia’s patented HEBioT ™ process.

Once operational, the facility will recover biomass, plastics and other carbon-based materials from the mixed municipal solid waste (MSW) stream and convert them into an EPA recognized renewable fuel. During the process recyclable commodities such as metals and glass will be extracted and recovered in conjunction with Berkeley County’s current recycling program.

The renewable fuel, known as Solid Recovered Fuel, will be used by large energy users and co-processing facilities like cement manufacturers and steel mills as a cost-effective alternative or supplement to fossil fuels.
Learn More



Future New York Facility

Based on preliminary design, the facility is expected to be capable of processing approximately 130,000 tons of municipal solid waste annually with up to 20% of the facility’s capacity capable of processing source separated food waste.

The engineering and permitting process is underway and is anticipated to be completed within the next 12 months.

The planned facility is within close proximity to the New York Metropolitan market place.
entsorga west virginia team photo

Frequently Asked Questions

What permits are possibly needed (varies by state)?

  • Solid Waste Permit
  • Air Quality Minor Source Permit to Construct
  • Encroachment Permit for public road access
  • Local Planning and Zoning Permits
  • Building permits and local compliance requirements – Ongoing as required for construction.

What is the time frame for completion?

Once all major permits have been issued, construction is expected to take 12-16 months.

Who would build the facility?

  • A bonded Engineering, Procurement and Commissioning (EPC) Contractor
  • A bonded General Contractor
  • A design-build and construction management firm specializing in pre-engineered metal building design and construction
  • Local contractors will be selected as sub-contractors for various elements of the construction of the proposed facility
  • It is estimated that approximately 50-100 individuals could be involved in the construction project

What is the estimated cost for construction of the proposed facility?

The total investment for the facility, construction, and equipment will vary.

What type of construction is the proposed facility?

Construction will be modular concrete placement and steel building technology. The first phase of construction will be the placement of the flooring, walls and roof. The second and more complicated phase is the placement of the mechanical equipment.

What are the advantages to Mechanical, Biological Treatment (MBT)?

MBT, when applied to municipal solid waste (MSW) leads to a significant weight loss. The process will lead to the recovery of additional metal recyclables (while not impacting current or future recycling activities), substantial reduction in the need for landfilling and the creation of a final product that is EPA recognized as a renewable alternative fuel called SRF. Each of these accomplishments will result in a substantial reduction in Greenhouse Gasses. There is no hazardous waste or incineration or combustion involved in the MBT process.

What is the MBT Process and how is the Solid Refuse Fuel made?

  • Reception – Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) placed by resident’s curbside as it is today, will be brought to the proposed facility by a local hauler. The MSW will be deposited into an indoor aerated reception pit. Air is continuously drawn into the building to avoid odor buildup inside the Facility. There is no combustion or incineration in this process.

    MSW processed at the Facility is anticipated to include all of the waste currently allowable by local waste haulers including but not limited to, kitchen organic waste, mixed unsorted paper, plastics, etc. Excluded waste includes all wastes that are currently prohibited by the local waste hauler such as hazardous waste, used oil, source separated recyclables, white goods and construction debris.

  • Pre-screening – MSW will go through an initial screening process using a large rotary drum that will tear open the trash bags and combine the bagged waste with other non-bagged MSW. Large pieces of waste such as plastic, paper and cardboard are separated from the MSW and set aside for use during the refining stage. The remaining waste, including organic waste is referred to as “underscreen” material, is smaller in size and goes directly to a holding area. An air circulation system will be used to ensure rapid composting of the organic fraction of the waste. The air circulation system blows warm air through the under-screen waste in order to quickly start up the aerobic composting fermentation process.
  • Biological treatment (oxidation/composting) – The underscreen material is moved from the holding area and placed on a pre-fabricated concrete floor that contains slots through which processed air is moved. The processed air is comprised of a controlled combination of fresh air and re-circulated warm air, which ensures a consistent breakdown of the waste. This reduces the amount of water in the material leading to a dry paper-like product. There is no combustion or incineration in this process.
  • Refining – After the biological treatment stage, the now dried under-screen material will be re-introduced to the previously removed over-screen material in the refinement area of the facility. Using rotary screens, air separators and magnetic/infrared technology, the material is further separated to remove any metals and PVC plastics that may remain. Metals will be sent to the County Recycling Center on Grapevine Road. The PVC plastics will be sent to the local landfill. The product is then shredded into smaller pieces resulting in a product that can be used as an alternate fuel replacing traditional fuels, such as coal and petroleum coke.

How will emissions/odors from the facility be controlled?

  • The building will be under slight negative pressure, which will keep the odors from reaching the outside environment.
  • All of the air (about 70,000 m3) drawn from the building is cleaned by means of a very large biofilter that has been proven to be the most effective technology for odor control over the years. It is a process that involves harnessing natural microbes to remove odor from the air.
  • Dust control devices such as bag houses will collect any particulate matter from the air prior to discharge to the atmosphere from the building.
  • The doors used by trucks entering the building are “quick open/close” doors which will help to eliminate odor emissions as well. At the existing SRF manufacturing facilities, located in Europe, there is no noticeable odor at the facility boundaries.
  • Visible particulate emissions will be monitored as required by the WVDEP Air Permit-to-Construct and additionally throughout the workday to ensure that dust is properly controlled.

Is this SRF manufacturing facility an incinerator?

No. The proposed process does not combust any waste materials as a method of waste disposal. The proposed process uses mechanical (e.g., conveyors, sorters, and cranes) and naturally occurring biological processes (oxidation or composting) to produce an alternate fuel.

Where will the MSW come from?

  • The MSW would come from surrounding counties needed to operate the facility
  • Household waste and C&D waste can be accepted.
  • Select commercial waste may be accepted

Will there be any new infrastructure required to handle the truck traffic?

An access road may need to be permitted and built to access the facility.

How many individuals will be employed?

At capacity the facility will have between 15-20 employees. These employees consist of individuals working at the facility in various positions. Additional employees will be required for the transportation of SRF and recyclables to market, as well as any residual waste to landfills. In addition, there will be a number of services connected with maintenance and cleaning that may be outsourced to local companies.

Who is going to buy and use the SRF?

The manufactured SRF has been used in European communities by the cement industry, steel plants, power plants, and gasification plants.

What are the environmental benefits of using SRF as an alternate fuel?

The SRF from the Entsorga process has been proven to have contaminants comparable to or less than those found in traditional US fossil fuels. Facilities that have used SRF as an alternative fuel have reduced their Greenhouse Gas Emissions and their overall carbon footprint. In addition to a cleaner burning fuel supply, less MSW will need to be disposed of in landfills. As a result, this will trigger a reduction in GHG emissions of an estimated 24,800 tons per year of carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide equivalent. Using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Greenhouse Gas Equivalencies Calculator (www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/calculator.com) below are some statistics that show relative comparisons of carbon dioxide emissions and carbon sequestration to everyday activities:

  • Annual GHG emissions from 4,411 passenger vehicles (assuming 20.4 miles per gallon and 11,720 miles per year per vehicle).
  • CO2 emissions from 2,522,218 gallons of gasoline consumed.
  • Carbon sequestered by 576,876 tree seedlings grown for 10 years.
  • Carbon sequestered annually by 4,797 acres of pine forests.

Is SRF manufacturing and use a proven technology?

  • There are currently over 300 MBT plants being utilized throughout Europe today. The highest concentration of SRF manufacturing facilities is in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK. There are numerous MBT plants currently under construction throughout Europe including the United Kingdom, Poland, Slovenia, Romania, and the Czech Republic.
  • The most recent constructed Entsorga plant was commissioned in 2014 by the Hills Group in Wiltshire England. It currently processes over 70,000 tons per year of MSW into SRF.

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